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[文化][人物简介][英中对照]Professor Pekka Puska个人简介(1)

一线实稿 樊明璨 来源:樊明璨博客 607浏览 0评论

PekkaPuska

Professor Pekka Puska is currently the Director General of the National Institute for Health and Welfare in Finland (THL). THL is a comprehensive national institute for public health and welfare under Ministry of Health in Finland. It employs some 1300 persons and covers a broad range of health and welfare issues from disease prevention, nutrition, lifestyles and environment, infectious disease control and national vaccination programmes to health and social services, health and welfare monitoring and statistics. THL has major national service functions, various surveillance tasks, high level research and numerous international activities.
佩卡·菩萨卡教授,现任芬兰国家卫生与福利研究所(THL)总干事。THL是芬兰卫生部下属的一所综合性的国立公共卫生与福利研究所。现有研究员1300人左右,研究方向广泛,涉及疾病预防、营养、生活方式与环境、传染病控制、国家预防接种计划、卫生与社会服务、卫生与福利监控及统计等卫生与福利问题。THL具有多项重大国家服务职能,担负着各种监督任务,从事高级研究活动并参与许多国际活动。

Prior to his present position Professor Puska was the Director General of KTL and, before that, the Director for Noncommunicable Disease Prevention and Health Promotion at the World Health Organization Headquarters in Geneva.
菩萨卡教授在就任现职前,曾先后担任过日内瓦世界卫生组织总部非传染性疾病预防与健康促进部主任及KTL总干事。

Professor Puska has, for most of his career, worked at the National Public Health Institute. He was, for 25 years, the Director and Principal Investigator of the North Karelia Project: prevention of cardiovascular diseases in North Karelia and later on in all Finland. Within 25 years, over 80% decline in annual heart disease mortality among the working age population and a dramatic general improvement in public health took place. The project is widely seen as a model for successful population based prevention of cardiovascular and other noncommunicable diseases (NCD).
菩萨卡教授在其职业生涯的大部分时间里效力于国家公共卫生学院。曾任北卡累里亚(Karelia )项目主管兼首席研究员25年,该项目旨在预防北卡累里亚及全芬兰的心血管疾病。在这25年中,劳动力人口的年心脏病死亡率下降80%以上,公共卫生水平显著提高。该项目被视为成功预防人类心血管疾病和其他非传染性疾病(NCD)的典范。

At WHO, Pekka Puska directed the work on integrated prevention of NCD targeting the main risk factors (tobacco, unhealthy diet and physical inactivity) through health promotion, national programmes, policy measures and regional networks. Professor Puska’s Department was the focal point of this work that culminated in adoption of the Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health by the World Health Assembly in 2004.
在世界卫生组织任职期间,菩萨卡教授通过健康促进、国家计划、政策措施及区域网络手段,针对烟草、不健康饮食、缺乏锻炼等主要风险因素,对非传染性疾病综合预防工作进行了指导。菩萨卡教授所在部门成为该项工作的重心,并最终使得世界卫生大会于2004年通过了有关饮食、体育锻炼及卫生的全球战略。

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