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[地质][环境相关][中英对照]GEF项目四川本底情况(送中央项目办)(9)

一线实稿 樊明璨 来源:樊明璨博客 540浏览 0评论

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1、岩溶地区由于生态环境脆弱,人口众多,生产生活方式落后,科教文化水平低,能源、交通、通讯、水利等基础建设滞后,经济发展的总体水平仍较低,与非岩溶地区及全省平均水平相比仍存在较大差距,多为少数民族聚居区、边远地区和经济欠发达区域。2010年,四川省岩溶区国内生产总值2716.9亿元,其中农业产值为486.7亿元,林业产值28.2亿元,牧业产值256.5亿元。农民人均纯收入4681元。四川省岩溶区受自然因素的制约,经济发展极不平衡。川南盆地边缘区、川东平行岭谷区及四川盆地丘陵区是四川省的重点石漠化区,岩溶地貌极为发育。该区人口密度大,劳动力充足、生物资源丰富、种植业发达。但生态脆弱、水土流失严重、土地贫瘠、人口和资源矛盾突出,不利于社会经济的可持续发展。川西南山地区,幅员广阔,人口密度相对较低,畜牧业在社会经济中占有相对较高地位。该区自然条件差,交通不发达,信息闭塞,畜牧业商品率低,经济极不发达。

1. In the karst regions, due to the vulnerable ecological environment, large population, backward means of production, low scientific, educational and cultural levels, and the underdeveloped energy, traffic, communication and water conservancy infrastructure construction, the overall economic development level remains very low, far behind the average levels of the non-karst regions and the whole province. The karst regions are usually minority group-inhabited regions, outlying areas and economically underdeveloped regions. In 2010, the gross domestic production of the karst regions hit 271.69 billion yuan, among which the agricultural output value was 48.67 billion yuan, the forestry output value 2.82 billion yuan and the animal husbandry output value 25.65 billion yuan. The farmers’ net income per capita hit 4681 yuan. The economic development in the karst regions is extremely unbalanced due to limitation by natural factors. The southern basin margin regions, the eastern parallel ridge-valley regions and the basin hilly regions are the key rocky desertified regions in Sichuan, where the karst landform is highly developed. These regions have a high population density, sufficient working force, abundant living resources and developed planting industry. However, their vulnerable ecological environment, serious loss of water and soil, barren land, outstanding conflicts between population and resources are detrimental to the sustainable development of the social economy. In the vast southwestern mountain regions, the population density is relatively low and the animal husbandry plays a relatively important role in social economy. However, theses regions have ugly natural conditions, underdeveloped traffic, closed environment, low commodity rate of animal husbandry and extremely underdeveloped economy.

2、截止2010年,全省沙区农业总产值655.51亿元,其中牧业337.62亿元,林业45.31亿元。沙区经济社会发展、科教文卫事业、群众生活相对落后,第一产业比重高,区域经济对生态建设的支撑保障能力十分有限。

2. As of 2010, the total output value of agriculture in the province-wide desertified regions hit 65.551 billion yuan, among which the animal husbandry took up 33.7 billion yuan and the forestry 4.531 billion yuan. In the desertified land area, the economic and social development, the science, education, culture and health undertakings as well as the public life are relatively backward, the primary industry taking up a high proportion, the regional economy having a fairly limited capacity to support ecological construction.

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