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[艺术][琴棋书画][中英对照]简论中国传统山水画和西洋风景画的异同及相互影响(3)

一线实稿 樊明璨 来源:樊明璨博客 889浏览 0评论

landscapepainting

1665年,荷兰人海耶(Heyer)和凯塞尔(Kayser)出版印行了150余幅他们在中国画的风景画,更重要的是,这些风景画借鉴了古代中国山水画特有的透视画法,可以看出,是在模仿中国原作的基础上绘制的。法国路易十四时代在巴黎集市上出售的大量中国题材的版画,就来源于这些中国山水画的模仿品,1667年,克契尔[网上查不到该人名的英文。]出版了《中国名胜图解》。17世纪欧洲的中国文化艺术热还表现在迅速增长的专门经营中国艺术的商人数量上。据1692年巴黎出版的《地址录》,当年专营中国艺术品的商人在巴黎就有20人之多可见中国艺术在法国的广泛影响。

In 1665, two Dutch, Heyer and Kayser, published more than 150 landscape paintings that they had drew in China. More importantly, these paintings borrowed the ideas of the perspective exclusively adopted by ancient Chinese landscape painting and were evidently the imitations of Chinese original landscape works. A great quantity of block prints with Chinese themes marketed on the bazaar in Paris during the reign of Louis XIV originated from such imitations. In 1667, Kachil published the Illustrated Chinese Scenic Spots. The Chinese culture and arts fever in 17th-century Europe was also reflected by the rapid increase in the quantity of dealers engaged in works of Chinese arts. According to the Directory published in Paris in 1692, there were 20 such dealers in Paris at the time, evidencing the wide impact of Chinese arts in France.

美国学者阿道夫·赖希韦因(Adolf Reichwein)在著名法国罗可可画家华多的名作《到西苔岛去》中,找到了与中国宋代山水画的相似之处:“任何一个熟悉中国宋代山水画的人,一看便知,华多画中的远景山水,与中国山水画相似。色调稍深的山坡轮廓,是中国画风格,画云的手法,也像中国画。华多画中常见的近似单色的前景风景,也是中国山水画最重要的特征之一。华多的这种对于自然带有一丝忧郁的绘画处理,导致了他同时代的画家布歇尔和那些大自然的崇拜者的田园情调。

Adolf Reichwein, American scholar, found something in the Pilgrimage to Cythera created by the famous French Rococo painter Jean-Antoine Watteau similar to the landscape painting of the Song Dynasty of China. He said, “Anyone who is familiar with landscape paintings of the Song Dynasty of China knows at a glance that the perspective landscapes in Watteau’s paintings are similar to Chinese landscape paintings. The slope outline is of Chinese-painting style; the way of drawing clouds is also like Chinese painting’s. The nearly monochromatic foreground landscapes in Watteau’s paintings are one of the most important characteristics of Chinese landscape painting. Watteau’s such slightly melancholy drawing processing of nature led to idyllic sentiment of his contemporary painter Boucher and those adorers of nature.”

有的学者指出,即使是在17世纪的巴洛克风格里,也可以找到与董其昌风格风景画相似的地方。

Some scholars pointed out that elements similar to those in the landscape paintings by Dong Qichang could even be found in the 17th-century Baroque landscape paintings.

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